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Trends Biochem Sci. 2017 May;42(5):369-382. doi: 10.1016/j.tibs.2017.02.004. Epub 2017 Mar 6.

Deciphering the mRNP Code: RNA-Bound Determinants of Post-Transcriptional Gene Regulation.

Author information

1
Institute for Genetics, University of Cologne, Germany. Electronic address: ngehring@uni-koeln.de.
2
Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany.
3
Theodor-Boveri Institute, University of Wuerzburg, Germany. Electronic address: utz.fischer@biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de.

Abstract

Eukaryotic cells determine the final protein output of their genetic program not only by controlling transcription but also by regulating the localization, translation and turnover rates of their mRNAs. Ultimately, the fate of any given mRNA is determined by the ensemble of all associated RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), non-coding RNAs and metabolites collectively known as the messenger ribonucleoprotein particle (mRNP). Although many mRNA-associated factors have been identified over the past years, little is known about the composition of individual mRNPs and the cooperation of their constituents. In this review we discuss recent progress that has been made on how this 'mRNP code' is established on individual transcripts and how it is interpreted during gene expression in eukaryotic cells.

PMID:
28268044
DOI:
10.1016/j.tibs.2017.02.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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