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Nat Med. 2017 Mar 7;23(3):279-287. doi: 10.1038/nm.4294.

An emerging role for neutrophil extracellular traps in noninfectious disease.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.
2
Immunology Research Group, Snyder Institute for Chronic Diseases, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Abstract

The production of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) is a process that enables neutrophils to help catch and kill bacteria. However, increasing evidence suggests that this process might also occur in noninfectious, sterile inflammation. In this Review, we describe the role of NETosis in autoimmunity, coagulation, acute injuries and cancer, and discuss NETs as potential therapeutic targets. Furthermore, we consider whether extracellular DNA is always detrimental in sterile inflammation and whether the source is always NETs.

PMID:
28267716
DOI:
10.1038/nm.4294
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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