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Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2017 Apr;18(3):336-344. doi: 10.1089/sur.2016.263. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

Prevention of Biomaterial Infection by Pre-Operative Incubation with Human Cells.

Author information

1
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki , Helsinki, Finland .
2
2 Clinicum, University of Helsinki , Helsinki, Finland .
3
5 Department of Rheumatology, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki , Helsinki, Finland .
4
3 ORTON Research Institute , Helsinki, Finland .
5
4 ORTON Orthopedic Hospital , Helsinki, Finland .
6
6 Clinical Microbiology , IIS-Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Spain .

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cells of tissues and biofilm forming bacteria compete for the living space on the surface of an implant. We hypothesized the incubation of the implant (titanium, polydimethylsiloxane, and polystyrene surface) with human cells before implantation as a strategy to prevent bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation.

METHODS:

After 24 hours of incubation with human osteogenic sarcoma SaOS-2 cells (1 × 105 cells/mL), the materials were incubated for 4.5 hours or two days with Staphylococcus aureus in serial 1:10 dilutions of 108 colony-forming units/mL. The bacterial adherence and biofilm biomass on materials pre-incubated with SaOS-2 cells were compared with our previous results on materials incubated only with bacteria or in simultaneous co-culture of SaOS-2 cells and S. aureus. Fluorescent microscopy and crystal violet stain were used. The number of viable SaOS-2 and bacterial cells present was tested using colorimetric methods (MTT, LDH) and drop plate method, respectively.

RESULTS:

The pre-treatment with human cells was associated with a reduction of bacterial colonization of the biomaterial at 4.5 hours and 48 hours compared with the non-pre-treated materials. The presence of bacteria decreased the number of viable human cells on all materials. ( Supplementary Fig. 1 ; see online supplementary materials at www.liebertpub.com/sur ).

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that the pre-operative incubation of prostheses with host cells could prevent infection of biomaterials.

KEYWORDS:

bacterial adherence; biofilm; biomaterial; pre-operative incubation; race for the surface

PMID:
28267427
DOI:
10.1089/sur.2016.263
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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