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J Exp Zool. 1987 Oct;244(1):17-32.

Ultrastructural localization of lysosomal enzymes in the egg cortex of Brachydanio.

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1
Department of Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903.

Abstract

The localization of acid phosphatase (E.C. 3.1.3.2), inorganic trimetaphosphatase (E.C. 3.6.1.2), and aryl sulfatase (E.C. 3.1.6.1) in the cortex of unactivated and activated eggs of Brachydanio was examined by ultrastructural cytochemistry. Using a lead capture method, activity for all three acid hydrolases was demonstrated in organelles of the cortex before and after egg activation. Acid phosphatase (AcPase) reaction product was consistently present in primary lysosomes, secondary lysosomes, multivesicular bodies, and yolk bodies. AcPase activity was absent from mitochondria, profiles of the endoplasmic reticulum, coated pits of exocytosed cortical granules, and coated vesicles. Although most cortical granules of the mature, unactivated egg were unreactive for this enzyme, a few showed AcPase reaction product. It is not clear whether the AcPase-positive granules might be an immature form of cortical granules or a subpopulation of these organelles with lysosomal properties. Most cisternae of the Golgi apparatus did not stain for AcPase; however, reaction product was occasionally localized in a single cisterna as well as several small vesicles at the inner face of the Golgi. The intensity of the reaction product and the pattern of distribution of trimetaphosphatase (Tm-Pase) activity was very similar to that of AcPase. However, TmPase was never observed in cortical granules. Cortices of unactivated and activated eggs showed less overall aryl sulfatase (ArSase) activity when compared with AcPase and TmPase. The presence of ArSase reaction product in lysosomes and multivesicular bodies confirmed the acid hydrolytic nature of these organelles. AcPase and TmPase, and to a lesser extent ArSase, are adequate markers of a cortical lysosomal system in the danio egg.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
2826641
DOI:
10.1002/jez.1402440104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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