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Environ Sci Process Impacts. 2017 Mar 22;19(3):350-356. doi: 10.1039/c6em00707d.

Development of a QSAR model for predicting aqueous reaction rate constants of organic chemicals with hydroxyl radicals.

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Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering (MOE), School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China.
Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, Leiden 2300 RA, The Netherlands and National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Center for Safety of Substances and Products, Bilthoven 3720 BA, The Netherlands.


Reaction with hydroxyl radicals (˙OH) is an important removal pathway for organic pollutants in the aquatic environment. The aqueous reaction rate constant (kOH) is therefore an important parameter for fate assessment of aquatic pollutants. Since experimental determination fails to meet the requirement of being able to efficiently handle numerous organic chemicals at limited cost and within a relatively short period of time, in silico methods such as quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models are needed to predict kOH. In this study, a QSAR model with a larger and wider applicability domain as compared with existing models was developed. Following the guidelines for the development and validation of QSAR models proposed by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the model shows satisfactory performance. The applicability domain of the model has been extended and contained chemicals that have rarely been covered in most previous studies. The chemicals covered in the current model contain functional groups including [double bond splayed left]C[double bond, length as m-dash]C[double bond splayed right], -C[triple bond, length as m-dash]C-, -C6H5, -OH, -CHO, -O-, [double bond splayed left]C[double bond, length as m-dash]O, -C[double bond, length as m-dash]O(O)-, -COOH, -C[triple bond, length as m-dash]N, [double bond splayed left]N-, -NH2, -NH-C(O)-, -NO2, -N[double bond, length as m-dash]C-N[double bond splayed right], [double bond splayed left]N-N[double bond splayed right], -N[double bond, length as m-dash]N-, -S-, -S-S-, -SH, -SO3, -SO4, -PO4, and -X (F, Cl, Br, and I).

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