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Chemosphere. 2017 Jun;176:97-107. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.02.078. Epub 2017 Feb 16.

Removal of cyclohexane gaseous emissions using a biotrickling filter system.

Author information

1
University of Stuttgart, Institute of Sanitary Engineering, Water Quality and Solid Waste Management, Department of Biological Waste Air Purification, Bandtäle 2, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany. Electronic address: diego.salamancavelandia@ufz.de.
2
University of Stuttgart, Institute of Sanitary Engineering, Water Quality and Solid Waste Management, Department of Biological Waste Air Purification, Bandtäle 2, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany.

Abstract

The removal of cyclohexane from gaseous emissions was studied using a biotrickling filter packed with polyurethane foam. Acivodorax sp. CHX100 was chosen as inoculum due to its ability to use cyclohexane as carbon source. Performance was evaluated by means of different resident times from 18 s to 37 s and concentration levels of 60, 90, 120, 160, 320, 480 and 720 mg C m-3, respectively. Removal efficiencies of 80%-99% and elimination capacities in the range of 5.4 g C m-3 h-1-38 g C m-3 h-1 were achieved for concentrations among 60 mg C m-3-480 mg C m-3. The removal efficiency decreased to 40% at concentrations of cyclohexane of 720 mg C m-3. The dynamics of the microbial population showed the strain CHX100 as predominant during the different operational process of biotrickling filter. The results of this study propose a novel approach for cleaning waste air containing cyclohexane by means of a biotrickling filter.

KEYWORDS:

Biodegradation; Bioremediation; Biotrickling filter; Cyclohexane; Volatile organic compounds

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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