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J Hand Surg Am. 2017 May;42(5):394.e1-394.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2017.01.023. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

Propionibacterium Acnes Infection of a Metacarpophalangeal Joint Arthroplasty.

Author information

1
The Bernard O'Brien Institute of Microsurgery, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hand Surgery Unit, Hôpital Trousseau, Tours, France; UMR Imagerie et Cerveau, Université François-Rabelais, Tours, France. Electronic address: bacle.guillaume@wanadoo.fr.
2
Division of Hand Surgery, Department of Orthopaedics, Dandenong Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.
3
Division of Hand Surgery, Department of Orthopaedics, Dandenong Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Surgery, Monash Medical Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Melbourne Orthopaedic Group, Windsor, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

Neglected and underestimated in the past, Propionibacterium acnes is currently the most prevalent organism associated with deep prosthetic infections around the shoulder. Surprisingly, it has never been reported as a cause of infection in the hand. Here we report a case of a late presentation of a P. acnes infection in a metacarpophalangeal joint replacement, resulting in chronic low-grade pain with movement. The patient underwent a 2-stage revision, with initial removal of the prosthesis. Positive cultures for P. acnes required 15 days of extended incubation. The patient subsequently had 6 weeks of oral antibiotics followed by a second-stage revision with a Silastic implant.

KEYWORDS:

Propionibacterium acnes; arthroplasty; infection; metacarpophalangeal joint; revision

PMID:
28259563
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhsa.2017.01.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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