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Acad Pediatr. 2017 Mar;17(2):144-148. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2016.09.010.

Research in Pediatric Residency: National Experience of Pediatric Chief Residents.

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Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University, School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Ind. Electronic address:
Department of Pediatrics and Healthcare Policy & Research, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY.
Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University, School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Ind.
Department of Pediatrics, University of California Davis, Sacramento, Calif.



To determine factors associated with increased research productivity, satisfaction, and perceived barriers to research within residency from the experience of pediatric chief residents.


An online cross-sectional survey was administered to academic year 2014-15 chief residents. Topics assessed included program demographic characteristics, career intentions, research productivity, satisfaction with research training and opportunities, and research barriers. Chi-square and Fisher exact tests were used for descriptive statistics. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine factors associated with productivity and research satisfaction.


The response rate was 63% (165 of 261). Half (82 of 165) were productive in research. Most were satisfied with their quality of research training (55%; 90 of 165) and research opportunities (69%; 114 of 165). Chiefs reporting interest in research were 5 times more likely to be productive than those who did not (odds ratio [OR] = 5.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.3-11.8). Productive chiefs were more likely to report including research time in future careers (P = .003). Most (83%; 137 of 165) thought their programs were supportive of resident research, but lack of time was frequently cited as a major barrier. Those satisfied with research opportunities were less likely to find lack of training (OR = 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1-0.7) or faculty mentorship (OR = 0.2; 95% CI, 0.0-0.9) as a major barrier.


Pediatric chief resident interest in research is strongly associated with research productivity during residency, and research productivity is strongly associated with career plans including research time. By cultivating research interest through faculty mentorship, research training, and dedicated time, pediatric residency programs might help foster early research success and, potentially lead to continued engagement with research in trainees' future careers.


chief residents; medical education; pediatrics; research

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