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J Ethnopharmacol. 2017 Apr 6;201:9-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2017.02.044. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

Purple corn silk: A potential anti-obesity agent with inhibition on adipogenesis and induction on lipolysis and apoptosis in adipocytes.

Author information

1
Biomedical Sciences, Graduate School, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.
2
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand. Electronic address: khaesu@kku.ac.th.
3
Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

Corn silk or the stigma of Zea mays L. has traditionally been used in weight loss stimulation and treatment of cystitis, urinary infections and obesity. Purple corn silk, rich of polyphenolic substances, was reported on anti-diabetic and anti-obesity effect in animal studies. However, scientific evidence on mechanisms and targets of action of purple corn silk related to adipocyte life cycle has been limited.

AIM OF STUDY:

To determine phytochemical compositions and investigate anti-obesity potential of the purple corn silk focusing on interruption of adipocyte life cycle; effect on pre-adipocyte proliferation, adipogenesis, adipocyte lipolysis, and apoptosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The ethanolic purple corn silk extract (PCS) was prepared and investigated for phytochemical compositions by LC/MS/MS technique and anti-obesity potential using murine 3T3-L1 cell line. Using methyl thiazole tetrazolium (MTT) assay, the effects on pre-adipocytes and adipocyte viability and on pre-adipocytes proliferation at 24-, 48-, and 72-h incubation period were evaluated. In addition, anti-adipogenesis via inhibition on adipocyte differentiation and reduction of total lipid accumulation was evaluated using Oil Red O staining and spectrophotometric methods, respectively. The lipolysis effect was determined by measurement of glycerol released content using glycerol test kit after 48-h treatment of PCS to adipocytes. Apoptosis inductive effect was done by using 2-(4-Amidinophenyl)-6-indolecarbamidine dihydrochloride (DAPI) staining method.

RESULTS:

The polyphenols including anthocyanins, quercetin and phenolic acids and derivatives were found as the major chemical compositions of the PCS. With multiple-stages interruption on the adipocyte life cycle, anti-obesity effect of PCS was interestingly demonstrated. When compared to the control, the PCS at concentration range between 250-1000 μg/mL showed anti-adipogenesis effect as expressing of significant inhibition on pre-adipocyte proliferation at all incubation period (43.52±5.28 - 75.51±9.09%) and significant decreasing of total lipid accumulation at concentration of 500μg/mL (80.22±6.58%) and 1000μg/mL (69.62±5.42%). Moreover, the PCS exhibited lipolysis and apoptosis inductive effect with dose dependent manner and significance at concentration of 1000μg/mL by increase of released glycerol content (173.88±6.13% of the control) and of nuclei condensing and apoptotic bodies (with relative apoptosis induction as 131.74±1.64% of the control).

CONCLUSION:

Our data has evidenced the anti-obesity potential of PCS related interruption at multiple stages of adipocyte life cycle. Its potency was attributed to inhibition on adipocyte proliferation and adipogenesis as well as induction on lipolysis and apoptosis at high concentration. However, further in vivo investigation should be considered to insist the possibility in applications of PCS in prevention and treatment of obesity.

KEYWORDS:

Adipocyte life cycle; Anti-adipogenesis; Anti-obesity; Chlorogenic acid (PubChem CID 1794427); Cyanidin-3-glucoside (PubChem CID 441667); Naringenin (PubChem CID 932); Pelargonidin-3-glucoside (PubChem CID 443648); Peonidin-3-glucoside (PubChem CID 443654); Polyphenols; Purple corn silk; Quercetin (PubChem CID 5280343); Vanillic acid (PubChem CID 8468); p-coumaric acid (Pubmed CID 637542)

PMID:
28257978
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2017.02.044
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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