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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2017 Dec 5;457:35-42. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2017.02.045. Epub 2017 Feb 28.

Recent advances on bisphenol-A and endocrine disruptor effects on human prostate cancer.

Author information

1
Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" (formerly, Seconda Università di Napoli), Department of Biophysics, Biochemistry and General Pathology, Via L. De Crecchio, 7, 80138 Naples, Italy.
2
Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" (formerly, Seconda Università di Napoli), Department of Biophysics, Biochemistry and General Pathology, Via L. De Crecchio, 7, 80138 Naples, Italy. Electronic address: antimo.migliaccio@unina2.it.

Abstract

Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are man-made substances widespread in the environment that include, among many others, bisphenol A (BPA), organochlorinated pesticides and hormone derivatives detectable in meat from animals raised in concentrated animal feeding operations. Increasing evidence indicates that EDCs have a negative impact on human health as well as on male and female fertility. They may also be associated with some endocrine diseases and increased incidence of breast and prostate cancer. This review aims to summarize available data on the (potential) impact of some common EDCs, focusing particularly on BPA, prostate cancer and their mechanisms of action. These compounds interfere with normal hormone signal pathway transduction, resulting in prolonged exposure of receptors to stimuli or interference with cellular hormone signaling in target cells. Understanding the effects of BPA and other EDCs as well as their molecular mechanism(s) may be useful in sensitizing the scientific community and the manufacturing industry to the importance of finding alternatives to their indiscriminate use.

KEYWORDS:

Bisphenol A; Endocrine disruptors; Prostate cancer; Signal transduction; Steroid receptors

PMID:
28257827
DOI:
10.1016/j.mce.2017.02.045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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