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Science. 2017 Mar 3;355(6328):954-959. doi: 10.1126/science.aag2599.

Layer-specific modulation of neocortical dendritic inhibition during active wakefulness.

Author information

1
Neuroscience Institute and Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA.
2
Center for Neural Science, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA.
3
Neuroscience Institute and Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA. bernardo.rudy@nyumc.org.
4
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Care and Pain Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Abstract

γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic inputs are strategically positioned to gate synaptic integration along the dendritic arbor of pyramidal cells. However, their spatiotemporal dynamics during behavior are poorly understood. Using an optical-tagging electrophysiological approach to record and label somatostatin-expressing (Sst) interneurons (GABAergic neurons specialized for dendritic inhibition), we discovered a layer-specific modulation of their activity in behaving mice. Sst interneuron subtypes, residing in different cortical layers and innervating complementary laminar domains, exhibited opposite activity changes during transitions to active wakefulness. The relative weight of vasoactive intestinal peptide-expressing (Vip) interneuron-mediated inhibition of distinct Sst interneurons and cholinergic modulation determined their in vivo activity. These results reveal a state-dependent laminar influence of Sst interneuron-mediated inhibition, with implications for the compartmentalized regulation of dendritic signaling in the mammalian neocortex.

PMID:
28254942
DOI:
10.1126/science.aag2599
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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