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Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi. 2017 Feb 25;52(2):110-115. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-567X.2017.02.008.

[Reverse of the resistance to paclitaxel of the heparin binding-epidermal growth factor-like growth factor inhibitor in ovarian cancer].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150001, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective: To investigate the effect and mechanism of CRM197, the heparin binding-epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) inhibitor, on the reverse of the resistance of ovarian cancer to paclitaxel. Methods: (1)The effect of CRM197 on the 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC(50)) of human ovarian carcinoma cell line A2780 and paclitaxel-resistant ovarian carcinoma cell line A2780/Taxol was tested by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Western blot was used to detect the effect of CRM197 on the expression of HB-EGF, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and plasma membrane glycoprotein (P-gp) protein in A2780 and A2780/Taxol cells. Real-time PCR was used to examine the MDR1 mRNA expression in these cells. (2) A2780/Taxol cells were divided into 4 groups, including the cells transfected with empty vector and saline treatment (empty vector group), MDR1 small interference RNA (siRNA) vector and saline treatment (MDR1 siRNA group), empty vector and CRM197 treatment (empty vector+CRM197 group) and MDR1 siRNA vector and CRM197 treatment (MDR1 siRNA+CRM197 group), respectively. Flow cytometry was used to detecte the effect of intracellular rhodomine 123 (Rh123) accumulation, and caspase-3 activity assay was used to test the effect of apoptosis in four groups of A2780/Taxol cells. (3) In experiments in vivo, A2780/Taxol cells were inoculated to nude mouse subcutaneously to determine the EGFR and P-gp protein expression following CRM197 treatment by immunohistochemistry. Results: (1) In vitro, MTT examination showed that the IC(50) of A2780/Taxol cells to paclitaxel in A2780/Taxol+CRM197 group [(6.4±0.3) μmol/L] was significantly lower than the IC(50) in A2780/Taxol group [ (34.1±0.5) μmol/L, P<0.01], and the reveral fold of CRM197 was 5.3. The expression level of HB-EGF protein in A2780/Taxol+CRM197 group (1.44±0.29) was significantly lower than HB-EGF protein in A2780/Taxol group (2.72±0.32), respectively (P<0.05). The expression level of EGFR protein (0.71±0.25) and P-gp protein (0.82±0.19) in A2780/Taxol+CRM197 group was significantly lower than EGFR protein (1.87±0.31) and P-gp protein (1.84±0.27) of A2780/Taxol group (P<0.05). Compared with A2780/Taxol group (1.78±0.27) , MDR1 mRNA was significantly down-regulated in A2780/Taxol+CRM197 group (0.79±0.13, P<0.05). (2) The fluorescence intensity of Rh123 of the A2780/Taxol cells in empty vector group, MDR1 siRNA group,empty vector+CRM197 group, MDR1 siRNA+CRM197 group was 33.4±1.6, 56.3±3.3, 43.5±3.1,100.4±7.4, and the pNA of the A2780/Taxol cells was (11.4±1.2) , (52.8±0.9) , (71.2±3.6) , (82.7±3.8) μmol/L. The expression levels in MDR1 siRNA+CRM197 group were both higher than the expression levels in empty vector+CRM197 group, and the expression levels in empty vector+CRM197 group, MDR1 siRNA group were both higher than the expression levels in empty vector group (P<0.05). (3) In vivo, the expression scores of EGFR protein in A2780/Taxol+CRM197 tumors (4.4±1.4) were lower than that in A2780/Taxol tumors (10.2±3.1, P<0.05). The expression scores of P-gp protein in A2780/Taxol+CRM197 tumors (3.8±1.1) were lower than that in A2780/Taxol tumors (8.8±2.7, P<0.05). Conclusion: CRM197 reverses the resistance of ovarian cancer to paclitaxel by increasing caspase-3 activity to advance apoptosis via EGFR/MDR1/P-gp pathway.

KEYWORDS:

Bacterial proteins; Drug resistance, bacterial; Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor; Ovarian neoplasms; Paclitaxel

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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