Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Oncol. 2017 Apr;11(4):337-357. doi: 10.1002/1878-0261.12028. Epub 2017 Mar 2.

Inactivation of ID4 promotes a CRPC phenotype with constitutive AR activation through FKBP52.

Author information

Center for Cancer Research and Therapeutic Development, Clark Atlanta University, GA, USA.
College of Pharmacy, Mercer University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
Department of Biological Sciences, Border Biomedical Research Center, University of Texas at El Paso, TX, USA.
College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Texas Southern University, Houston, TX, USA.
Department of Chemistry, RCMI Cancer Research Center, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, LA, USA.


Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is the emergence of prostate cancer cells that have adapted to the androgen-depleted environment of the prostate. In recent years, targeting multiple chaperones and co-chaperones (e.g., Hsp27, FKBP52) that promote androgen receptor (AR) signaling and/or novel AR regulatory mechanisms have emerged as promising alternative treatments for CRPC. We have shown that inactivation of inhibitor of differentiation 4 (ID4), a dominant-negative helix loop helix protein, promotes de novo steroidogenesis and CRPC with a gene expression signature that resembles constitutive AR activity in castrated mice. In this study, we investigated the underlying mechanism through which loss of ID4 potentiates AR signaling. Proteomic analysis between prostate cancer cell line LNCaP (L+ns) and LNCaP lacking ID4 (L(-)ID4) revealed elevated levels of Hsp27 and FKBP52, suggesting a role for these AR-associated co-chaperones in promoting constitutively active AR signaling in L(-)ID4 cells. Interestingly, protein interaction studies demonstrated a direct interaction between ID4 and the 52-kDa FK506-binding protein (FKBP52) in vitro, but not with AR. An increase in FKBP52-dependent AR transcriptional activity was observed in L(-)ID4 cells. Moreover, pharmacological inhibition of FKBP52-AR signaling, by treatment with MJC13, attenuated the tumor growth, weight, and volume in L(-)ID4 xenografts. Together, our results demonstrate that ID4 selectively regulates AR activity through direct interaction with FKBP52, and its loss, promotes CRPC through FKBP52-mediated AR signaling.


HLH ; PSA ; FKBP51; FKBP52; Hsp27; Hsp90; ID4; MJC13; androgen receptor; castration-resistant; prostate cancer

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center