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J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2017 Jan-Jun;8(1):40-45. doi: 10.4103/0976-9668.198358.

A study on posttraumatic experience of road traffic accident afflicted maxillofacial trauma patient at tertiary hospital.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medical Sciences, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal.
Department of Prosthodontics, College of Medical Sciences, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal.



Patients are usually left in a vulnerable state after an accident. Because of this, they long for a good encounter when they are brought to the hospital. Physical impairment and psychological morbidities are some of the complications that can occur to them. Traditionally, surgeons tend to pay little attention to a patient's emotional and psychological perspective. The aim of this study was to understand the experience of oral and maxillofacial trauma patients due to road traffic accident right from immediate after the accident till the end of definitive treatment.


Phenomenological approach of qualitative study was used to explore these patients' experience. Twenty subjects involved in road traffic accidents without any cognitive impairment aged 18 and above were recruited. Purposive sampling was used to include maximal variation sample regarding age, gender, types of injury, and types of treatment received. Semi-structured and open-ended interview approach was used to obtain in-depth information.


Seven themes were identified to describe the patients' response to and experience after meeting with a road traffic accident; they are unreal experiences, emotional responses, need to inform and need for information, need for assistance, their perception toward the maxillofacial injury, their experience on treatment and staff-patient interaction.


This qualitative study has provided an in-depth understanding of patients experience during maxillofacial trauma and treatment, which otherwise cannot be obtained by the use of surveys and test questions.


Maxillofacial; posttraumatic; road traffic accident; treatment

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