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PLoS One. 2017 Feb 28;12(2):e0172964. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172964. eCollection 2017.

HPV vaccine knowledge and acceptability among Peruvian men who have sex with men and transgender women: A pilot, qualitative study.

Author information

1
Socios En Salud, Lima, Peru.
2
Epicentro Salud, Lima, Peru.
3
Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
4
Center for Healthy Communities, School of Medicine, University of California, Riverside, California, United States of America.
5
School of Anthropology, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú.
6
School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
7
Center for Healthy Communities, School of Medicine, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, California, United States of America.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection globally and is responsible for a variety of cancers in men and women. An effective HPV vaccine licensed for use in girls and boys has been indicated for-but is not widely implemented in-men who have sex with men (MSM). Limited data are available for transgender women (TW). We explored the social and behavioral aspects related to HPV vaccine uptake and participation in HPV vaccine studies among Peruvian MSM and TW.

METHODS:

Focus groups and individual in-depth interviews were conducted to obtain the knowledge, thoughts, and opinions from Peruvian MSM and TW regarding HPV vaccination. Data were analyzed using systematic comparative and descriptive content analysis.

RESULTS:

Three focus groups and fifteen individual in-depth interviews were conducted among 36 MSM and TW. Participant mean age was 26 years (range 18-40). Though many participants were unfamiliar with HPV vaccination, most expressed positive attitudes. Participants expressed concerns about the potential for stigma when disclosing HPV vaccination.

CONCLUSION:

Peruvian MSM and TW felt that HPV vaccination would be acceptable to themselves and their peers. Nonetheless, vaccine intake may be impeded by potential stigma. Findings from this study may guide HPV vaccine implementation in similar populations.

PMID:
28245234
PMCID:
PMC5330512
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0172964
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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