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Nutr Hosp. 2017 Feb 1;34(1):65-72. doi: 10.20960/nh.977.

Satisfaction with life and food-related life in Ecuadorian older adults.

Author information

1
Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Forestales. Universidad de La Frontera. Chile. berta.schnettler@ufrontera.cl.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To distinguish typologies of seniors according to their levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life, and to characterize them according to the importance assigned to family, health-related aspects, eating habits, nutritional status and sociodemographic characteristics.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A survey was administered to a non-probabilistic sample of 817 seniors aged 60 years and over, of both genders, resident in urban and rural zones of the province of Guayas, Ecuador. The instrument included: Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL), the Health-related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL-4) and the Family Importance Scale (FIS). Eating habits, sociodemographic variables, approximate weight and height were asked about.

RESULTS:

A cluster analysis was used to distinguish three typologies that differed significantly in the scores on the SWLS, SWFL, FIS, number of days with mental health problems, self-perception of health status, body mass index, eating habits and zone of residence. Two typologies presented high levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life, although the variables associated with overall well-being and in the food domain were different in each typology.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that high levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life in Ecuadorian seniors are associated with both healthful eating habits and having lunch in company, fewer mental health problems and greater importance assigned to family.

KEYWORDS:

Satisfaction with life. Satisfaction with food-related life. Older adults. Eating habits. Health.

PMID:
28244774
DOI:
10.20960/nh.977
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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