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J Bacteriol. 1987 Dec;169(12):5789-94.

Molecular characterization of cloned avirulence genes from race 0 and race 1 of Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea.

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Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Berkeley 94720.


A wide-host-range cosmid cloning vector, pLAFR3, was constructed and used to make cosmid libraries of partially digested Sau3A DNA from race 0 and race 1 of Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea. Two avirulence genes, avrB0 and avrC, cloned from race 0, elicited the hypersensitivity reaction (HR) on specific cultivars of soybean. Race 4 transconjugants containing avrB0 induced a dark brown necrotic HR within 24 h on the soybean cultivars Harosoy and Norchief, whereas race 4 transconjugants containing avrC induced a light brown necrotic HR within 48 h on the soybean cultivars Acme, Peking, Norchief, and Flambeau. An additional avirulence gene, avrB1, cloned from race 1, appeared to be identical to avrB0 from race 0. The avrB0 and avrC genes from race 0 were characterized by restriction enzyme mapping, Southern blot analysis, Tn5 transposon mutagenesis, and site-directed gene replacements. The effects of these three genes on the in planta bacterial growth of race 4 transconjugants have also been examined. The identification and cloning of avrB1 provides genetic evidence for a gene-for-gene interaction in the bacterial blight disease of soybean, as avrB1 from race 1 interacts with the soybean disease resistance locus, Rpg1.

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