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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2017 Mar;185:48-56. doi: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2017.01.005. Epub 2017 Jan 24.

Canine peripheral blood CD4+CD8+ double-positive Tcell subpopulations exhibit distinct Tcell phenotypes and effector functions.

Author information

1
Institute of Immunology/Molecular Pathogenesis, Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 11, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: kathrin.rothe@vetmed.uni-leipzig.de.
2
Institute of Immunology/Molecular Pathogenesis, Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 11, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: bismarck@laboklin.com.
3
Institute of Immunology/Molecular Pathogenesis, Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 11, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: mathias.buettner@uni-leipzig.de.
4
Institute of Immunology/Molecular Pathogenesis, Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 11, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: alber@rz-uni-leipzig.de.
5
Institute of Immunology/Molecular Pathogenesis, Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 11, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: HeinervonButtlar@Bundeswehr.org.

Abstract

Canine peripheral blood CD4+CD8α+ double-positive (dp) Tcells represent a small population of T lymphocytes that are not only derived from single-positive (sp) CD4+ but also from CD8+ Tcells. Dp Tcells can be subdivided in three different subpopulations according to their expression levels of CD4 and CD8α, i.e. the CD4dimCD8αbright, CD4brightCD8αbright, and the CD4brightCD8αdim subsets. Previously we could show that total canine peripheral CD4+CD8α+ dp Tcells have features of activated Tcells. Here we demonstrate that the individual dp Tcell subsets distinctly differ in their activation status and phenotype. Thus, among the dp Tcell subsets the CD4dimCD8αbright subpopulation has the lowest and the CD4brightCD8αbright subset the highest frequency of CD25+ cells pointing to the CD4brightCD8αbright subset with the highest activation status. Consistent with that, analysis of CD44 vs. CD62L expression demonstrates that the CD4brightCD8αbright subset contains the highest frequencies of effector-memory Tcells (TEM). Upon in vitro stimulation, the CD4brightCD8αbright and CD4dimCD8αbright dp Tcell subsets show the highest frequencies of IFN-γ producing cells. Expression of granzyme B was found exclusively in the CD4dimCD8αbright dp Tcell subset indicating cytotoxic potential of this dp Tcell subset. Furthermore, T-bet expression was restricted to the CD4dimCD8αbright subset, while Foxp3+ regulatory Tcells were detected in the CD4brightCD8αdim dp Tcell subset. In conclusion, canine dp Tcells are phenotypically and functionally heterogeneous consistent with the diverse characteristics of their single-positive CD4+ and CD8+ Tcell progenitors. The data provide the basis for future in vivo studies to elucidate the role of individual dp Tcell subsets in host defense and/or immune pathological diseases of dogs.

KEYWORDS:

CD4(+)CD8(+)Tcells; Dog; Effector functions; Peripheral blood; Regulatory Tcells; Th1 cells

PMID:
28242002
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetimm.2017.01.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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