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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2017 Jun;137(3):271-276. doi: 10.1002/ijgo.12134. Epub 2017 Mar 28.

Randomized controlled trial of abdominal binders for postoperative pain, distress, and blood loss after cesarean delivery.

Author information

1
Department of Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
4
Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effect of using abdominal binders on pain, distress, and postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean delivery.

METHODS:

The present prospective randomized controlled trial enrolled patients undergoing non-emergency cesarean deliveries in Gonbad-e Kavus, Golestan Province, Iran, between January 22 and October 23, 2015. Patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio by blocks of four or six to a control group or to use an abdominal binder after delivery; all patients received routine care. The primary outcomes were visual analog scale-assessed pain, symptom distress scale (SDS)-assessed distress, and hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. Participants and researchers were masked to treatment assignments until after cesarean delivery, and data analysis was unmasked; intention-to-treat analyses were performed.

RESULTS:

There were 89 patients enrolled in each group, with no differences in baseline pain scores, SDS scores, and hemoglobin and hematocrit levels between the groups (all P>0.05). Pain and SDS scores were lower in the binder group at all post-baseline time points compared with the control group (all P<0.001). Hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were higher among patients who received binders 36 hours after baseline (both P<0.001). There was one patient who experienced hemorrhage in the binders group and one patient requested removal of their binder.

CONCLUSION:

Patients who received abdominal binders reported less pain, lower SDS scores, and higher hemoglobin and hematocrit levels following cesarean delivery.

IRANIAN REGISTRY OF CLINICAL TRIALS:

IRCT2015042521917N2.

KEYWORDS:

Abdominal binders; Cesarean delivery; Distress; Postoperative pain; Postpartum hemorrhage

PMID:
28241386
DOI:
10.1002/ijgo.12134
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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