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Cell Immunol. 1987 Nov;110(1):140-8.

The effects of human immunodeficiency virus recombinant envelope glycoprotein on immune cell functions in vitro.

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Department of Pharmacological Sciences, Genetech, Inc., South San Francisco, California 94080.


The effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) recombinant envelope glycoprotein 120 (rgp 120) on the functions of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in vitro was investigated. The results demonstrate that rgp 120 used at concentrations less than 1 microgram/ml has no significant effects on PBMC function in vitro. However, the addition of 1-20 micrograms/ml of rgp 120 significantly inhibits the tetanus toxoid-induced PBMC proliferative response in a dose-related manner as determined by [3H]thymidine incorporation. The data also show that rgp 120 (5 micrograms/ml) causes up to 70% reduction in the number of immunoglobulin G-secreting cells in pokeweed mitogen-stimulated PBMC cultures. Further, rgp 120 can selectively interact with the CD4a epitope of the CD4 helper cell membrane receptor. These results indicate that microgram per milliliter levels of rgp 120 can depress certain immune functions in vitro. The significance of these findings to the pathogenesis of immunodeficiency in HIV infection remains to be determined.

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