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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2017 May 15;447:35-44. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2017.02.031. Epub 2017 Feb 22.

Androgen-mediated regulation of skeletal muscle protein balance.

Author information

1
The Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness, The University of Central Florida, PO Box 161250, Orlando, FL 32816, United States.
2
Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, United States.
3
The Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness, The University of Central Florida, PO Box 161250, Orlando, FL 32816, United States. Electronic address: bradley.gordon@ucf.edu.

Abstract

Androgens significantly alter muscle mass in part by shifting protein balance in favor of net protein accretion. During various atrophic conditions, the clinical impact of decreased production or bioavailability of androgens (termed hypogonadism) is important as a loss of muscle mass is intimately linked with survival outcome. While androgen replacement therapy increases muscle mass in part by restoring protein balance, this is not a comprehensive treatment option due to potential side effects. Therefore, an understanding of the mechanisms by which androgens alter protein balance is needed for the development of androgen-independent therapies. While the data in humans suggest androgens alter protein balance (both synthesis and breakdown) in the fasted metabolic state, a predominant molecular mechanism(s) behind this observation is still lacking. This failure is likely due in part to inconsistent experimental design between studies including failure to control nutrient/feeding status, the method of altering androgens, and the model systems utilized.

KEYWORDS:

Anabolic; Atrophy; Autophagy; Catabolic; Hypertrophy; Testosterone

PMID:
28237723
PMCID:
PMC5407187
DOI:
10.1016/j.mce.2017.02.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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