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Mol Imaging Biol. 2017 Oct;19(5):665-672. doi: 10.1007/s11307-017-1068-8.

Development of [18F]DASA-23 for Imaging Tumor Glycolysis Through Noninvasive Measurement of Pyruvate Kinase M2.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 943065, USA.
2
Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 943065, USA.
3
Department of Radiology, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 943065, USA. sgambhir@stanford.edu.
4
Departments of Bioengineering and Materials Science and Engineering, Bio-X, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 943065, USA. sgambhir@stanford.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

A hallmark of cancer is metabolic reprogramming, which is exploited by cancer cells to ensure rapid growth and survival. Pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) catalyzes the final step in glycolysis, a key step in tumor metabolism and growth. Recently, we reported the radiosynthesis of the first positron emission tomography tracer for visualizing PKM2 in vivo-i.e., [11C]DASA-23. Due to the highly promising imaging results obtained with [11C]DASA-23 in rodent model glioblastoma, we set out to generate an F-18-labeled version of this tracer, with the end goal of clinical translation in mind. Herein, we report the radiosynthesis of 1-((2-fluoro-6-[18F]fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-4-((4-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)piperazine ([18F]DASA-23) and our initial investigation of its binding properties in cancer cells.

PROCEDURE:

We synthesized [18F]DASA-23 via fluorination of 1-((2-fluoro-6-nitrophenyl)sulfonyl)-4-((4-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)piperazine (10) with K[18F]F/K2.2.2 in N,N-dimethylformamide at 110 °C for 20 min. Subsequently, we evaluated uptake of [18F]DASA-23 in HeLa cervical adenocarcinoma cells and in vitro stability in human and mouse serum.

RESULTS:

We successfully prepared [18F]DASA-23 in 2.61 ± 1.54 % radiochemical yield (n = 10, non-decay corrected at end of synthesis) with a specific activity of 2.59 ± 0.44 Ci/μmol. Preliminary cell uptake experiments revealed high uptake in HeLa cells, which was effectively blocked by pretreating cells with the structurally distinct PKM2 activator, TEPP-46. [18F]DASA-23 remained intact in human and mouse serum up to 120 min.

CONCLUSION:

Herein, we have identified a F-18-labeled PKM2 specific radiotracer which shows potential for in vivo imaging. The promising cell uptake results reported herein warrant the further evaluation of [18F]DASA-23 for its ability to detect and monitor cancer noninvasively.

KEYWORDS:

Fluorine-18; Positron emission tomography; Pyruvate kinase; Radiochemistry; Tumor glycolysis; [18F]DASA-23

PMID:
28236227
DOI:
10.1007/s11307-017-1068-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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