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J Biol Chem. 2017 Apr 14;292(15):6339-6351. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M116.746859. Epub 2017 Feb 23.

Ectodomain shedding of the cell adhesion molecule Nectin-4 in ovarian cancer is mediated by ADAM10 and ADAM17.

Author information

1
From the Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology.
2
Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, and.
3
Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455.
4
From the Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, skubi002@umn.edu.

Abstract

We previously showed that the cell adhesion molecule Nectin-4 is overexpressed in ovarian cancer tumors, and its cleaved extracellular domain can be detected in the serum of ovarian cancer patients. The ADAM (adisintegrin and metalloproteinase) proteases are involved in ectodomain cleavage of transmembrane proteins, and ADAM17 is known to cleave Nectin-4 in breast cancer. However, the mechanism of Nectin-4 cleavage in ovarian cancer has not yet been determined. Analysis of ovarian cancer gene microarray data showed that higher expression of Nectin-4, ADAM10, and ADAM17 is associated with significantly decreased progression-free survival. We quantified Nectin-4 shedding from the surface of ovarian cancer cells after stimulation with lysophosphatidic acid. We report that ADAM17 and ADAM10 cleave Nectin-4 and release soluble Nectin-4 (sN4). Small molecule inhibitors and siRNA knockdown of both ADAM proteases confirmed these results. In matched samples from 11 high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients, we detected 2-20-fold more sN4 in ascites fluid than serum. Co-incubation of ovarian cancer cells with ascites fluid significantly increased sN4 shedding, which could be blocked using a dual inhibitor of ADAM10 and ADAM17. Furthermore, we detected RNA for Nectin-4, ADAM10, and ADAM17 in primary ovarian carcinoma tumors, secondary omental metastases, and ascites cells isolated from serous ovarian cancer patients. In a signaling pathway screen, lysophosphatidic acid increased phosphorylation of AKT, EGF receptor, ERK1/2, JNK1/2/3, and c-Jun. Understanding the function of Nectin-4 shedding in ovarian cancer progression is critical to facilitate its development as both a serum biomarker and a therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.

KEYWORDS:

ADAM; ADAM10; ADAM17; Nectin-4; biomarker; cancer biology; cell migration; ovarian cancer

PMID:
28232483
PMCID:
PMC5391762
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M116.746859
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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