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PeerJ. 2017 Feb 15;5:e2978. doi: 10.7717/peerj.2978. eCollection 2017.

Is there a relation between dental anxiety, fear and general psychological status?

Author information

1
Department of Periodontology, Firat University , Elazig , Turkey.
2
Department of Prosthodontics, Firat University , Elazig , Turkey.
3
Department of Orthodontics, Firat University , Elazig , Turkey.
4
Department of Periodontology, Dicle University , Diyarbakir , Turkey.
5
Department of Endodontics, Firat University , Elazig , Turkey.
6
Department of Pedodontics, Firat University , Elazig , Turkey.
7
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Inonu University , Malatya , Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status.

AIMS:

The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of dental anxiety, dental fear, Beck Depression, and state-trait anxiety according to age, gender and education level in patients at the periodontology clinic in the Diyarbakır Mouth and Dental Health Center.

STUDY DESIGN:

A total of 231 patients (115 males, 116 females) filled out dental fear scale (DFS), dental anxiety scale (DAS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), state-trait anxiety inventory-state (STAI-S), and state-trait anxiety inventory-trait (STAI-T) questionnaires, and evaluations of DFS, DAS, BDI, STAI-S, and STAI-T were conducted according to age, gender, and education level.

RESULTS:

The mean DFS, DAS, BDI, STAI-T, and STAI -S were 45.64, 9.15, 13.16, 38.90, and 40.18, respectively. There was a significant association among DFS, DAS, BDI, STAI-S, and STAI-T (p < 0.05). These surveys scores were significantly higher in females than males (p < 0.05). The results of this study indicated that gender age and education level have important effects on DFS, DAS, BDI, STAI-S, and STAI-T (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Dental anxiety and dental fear were found to be related to psychological status (BDI, STAI-S, and STAI-T) over time. There are some patients with unaddressed psychological distress.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Dental anxiety; Dental fear; Depression

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare there are no competing interests.

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