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BMC Med Educ. 2017 Feb 23;17(1):45. doi: 10.1186/s12909-017-0883-6.

Incorporating one health into medical education.

Author information

1
Departments of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, Global Health, Family Medicine, University of Washington Center for One Health Research, 1959 NE Pacific Street HSB F551, Box 357234, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA. peterr7@uw.edu.
2
Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
3
Program on Science and Global Security, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, USA.
4
Department of Pathology and Pathogen Biology, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, London, UK.
5
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Liaison to the Food and Drug Administration for Food Safety, Washington, DC, USA.

Abstract

One Health is an emerging concept that stresses the linkages between human, animal, and environmental health, as well as the need for interdisciplinary communication and collaboration to address health issues including emerging zoonotic diseases, climate change impacts, and the human-animal bond. It promotes complex problem solving using a systems framework that considers interactions between humans, animals, and their shared environment. While many medical educators may not yet be familiar with the concept, the One Health approach has been endorsed by a number of major medical and public health organizations and is beginning to be implemented in a number of medical schools. In the research setting, One Health opens up new avenues to understand, detect, and prevent emerging infectious diseases, and also to conduct translational studies across species. In the clinical setting, One Health provides practical ways to incorporate environmental and animal contact considerations into patient care. This paper reviews clinical and research aspects of the One Health approach through an illustrative case updating the biopsychosocial model and proposes a basic set of One Health competencies for training and education of human health care providers.

KEYWORDS:

Environmental health; Human-animal bond; Interdisciplinary education; Medical education; One Health; Zoonoses

PMID:
28228144
PMCID:
PMC5322638
DOI:
10.1186/s12909-017-0883-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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