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Transbound Emerg Dis. 2017 Jun;64(3):683-690. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12629. Epub 2017 Feb 21.

Foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype SAT1 in cattle, Nigeria.

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FMD Laboratory, Viral Research Division, National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), Vom, Nigeria.
Department of Veterinary Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
Vesicular and Exotic Diseases Unit, Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre (CODA-CERVA), Brussels, Belgium.
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
Molecular Platform, Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre, Ukkel, Belgium.


The knowledge of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) dynamics and epidemiology in Nigeria and the West Africa subregion is important to support local and regional control plans and international risk assessment. Foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype South African territories (SAT)1 was isolated, identified and characterized from an FMD outbreak in cattle in Nigeria in 2015, 35 years after the last report of FMDV SAT1 in West Africa. The VP1 coding sequence of the Nigerian 2015 SAT1 isolates diverges from reported SAT1 topotypes resulting in a separate topotype. The reporting of a novel FMDV SAT1 strain in the virus pool 5 (West and Central Africa) highlights the dynamic and complex nature of FMDV in this region of Africa. Sustained surveillance is needed to understand the origin, the extent and distribution of this novel SAT1 topotype in the region as well as to detect and monitor the occurrence of (re-)emerging FMDV strains.


Nigeria; SAT1; VP1; cattle; foot-and-mouth disease; sequence; topotype

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