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BMC Ecol. 2017 Feb 21;17(1):7. doi: 10.1186/s12898-017-0117-0.

Shrubby cinquefoil (Dasiphora fruticosa (L.) Rydb.) mapping in Northwestern Estonia based upon site similarities.

Author information

1
Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, 51014, Tartu, Estonia. kalle.remm@ut.ee.
2
Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, 51014, Tartu, Estonia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Different methods have been used to map species and habitat distributions. In this paper, similarity-based reasoning-a methodological approach that has received less attention-was applied to estimate the distribution and coverage of Dasiphora fruticosa for the region in the Baltic states where grows the most abundant population of this species.

METHODS:

Field observations, after thinning to at least 50 m interval, included 1480 coverage estimations in the species presence locations and 8317 absence locations. Species coverage for the 750 km2 of directly unobserved area was calculated using machine learning in the similarity-based prediction system Constud. Separate predictive sets of site features (e.g. land cover, soil type) and exemplar weights were calibrated for spatial partitions of the study area (probable presence region, unclear region, proved absence region). A modified version of the Gower's distance metric, as used in Constud, is described.

RESULTS:

The resulting maps depicted the predicted coverage, the certainty of decision when predicting presence or absence, and the mean similarity to the exemplar locations used while predicting. Coverage prediction errors were smaller in the unclear partition-where the species was mostly absent-than in the probable presence partition, where coverage ranged from 0 to 90%.

CONCLUSIONS:

We call for methodological comparisons using the same data set.

KEYWORDS:

Dasiphora fruticosa; Gower’s distance metric; Similarity-based reasoning; Species distribution mapping

PMID:
28222712
PMCID:
PMC5320763
DOI:
10.1186/s12898-017-0117-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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