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Arch Oral Biol. 1987;32(4):291-6.

Effect of smokeless tobacco on the replication of herpes simplex virus in vitro and on production of viral lesions in hamster cheek pouch.

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Section of Oral Biology, University of California, School of Dentistry 90024.


Previous experiments have shown that combination of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection and simulated snuff-dipping in hamster buccal pouches enhances the development of micro-invasive squamous cell carcinoma in cheek pouch epithelium. The effect has now been determined of water-extractable components of snuff (snuff-extract) on the growth and the cell-lysing activity of HSV. Various dilutions of snuff-extract in tissue culture medium significantly inhibited the growth of HSV in Vero cell monolayers by inhibiting the viral DNA replication. Moreover, HSV was inactivated and its cell-lysing activity lost when it was incubated with snuff-extract in cell-free condition. Snuff also had a similar anti-herpetic effect in vivo; HSV infection of pouch tissues followed by simulated snuff-dipping resulted in significant inhibition of viral growth. Thus snuff interferes with the DNA synthesis and cytolytic activity of HSV in vitro and in vivo, and this in turn, may increase its oncogenic capacity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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