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J Family Med Prim Care. 2016 Jul-Sep;5(3):533-538. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.197258.

Urinary tract cancers: An overview for general practice.

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Department of Medicine, Redcliffe Hospital, Queensland, Australia.


Urinary tract cancers are common and comprise a gamut of lesions ranging from small benign tumors to aggressive neoplasms with high mortality. The predominant urinary tract malignancy is bladder cancer. The clinical challenge is early detection and adequate follow-up because recurrence is high and delayed diagnosis is associated with poor prognosis. Primary care physicians form a key part of the management apparatus for these patients and may be responsible for ensuring adequate ongoing surveillance. This article aims to outline the evaluation of patients in whom urinary tract cancer is suspected and briefly review the general principles of treatment.


Cancer; hematuria; screening; transitional cell; urothelial

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