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Allergo J Int. 2017;26(1):1-6. doi: 10.1007/s40629-016-0001-z. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

A novel experimental technology for testing efficacy of air purifiers on pollen reduction.

Author information

1
Allergy-Centrum-Charité, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany.
2
Bluestone Technology GmbH, Woerrstadt, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Allergenic pollen exposure is mostly seen as an outdoor phenomenon but studies have shown an indoor exposure: different pollen species including birch and grass pollen in houses, schools, and shops are leading to long-lasting symptoms even after the pollen season because pollen settle on surfaces and re-enter the indoor air depending on ventilation. To reduce indoor pollen load, windows need to be closed and devices should be used: as pure wiping and cleaning of surfaces is mostly not sufficient, air cleaners may be helpful in reducing pollen counts in indoor environment.

OBJECTIVE:

The efficacy of an air cleaner is usually described by the filtration rate of standard dust particle sizes which is not necessarily related to clinical efficacy.

METHODS:

A novel study design was developed using the technical equipment of a new mobile exposure chamber to investigate participants with allergic rhinitis (individual observational, controlled, prospective, single arm study).

RESULTS:

The tested air cleaner reduced the grass pollen-induced (4000 grass pollen/m3 over 90 min) nasal symptoms (total nasal symptom score) significantly from 6 and 4 points (1st and 2nd exposure in sham run) to less than 1 point when air cleaner was activated.

CONCLUSIONS:

The novel study protocol is suitable for testing efficacy of air cleaners and the tested air cleaner is effective in reducing clinical symptoms due to grass pollen in an indoor environment.

KEYWORDS:

Air purifier; Allergic rhinitis; Efficacy; Mobile exposure chamber; Pollen in-door exposure

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