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Genome Integr. 2016 Dec 30;7:5. doi: 10.4103/2041-9414.197172. eCollection 2016.

Chromosomal Aberrations in Human Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes after Exposure to Ionizing Radiation.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Biotechnology, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongup 56212, Korea; Department of Biotechnology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea.
2
Department of Radiation Biotechnology, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongup 56212, Korea; Department of Radiation Biotechnology and Applied Radioisotope Science, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34113, Korea.

Abstract

Biological dosimetry using chromosome aberration analyses in human peripheral blood lymphocytes is suitable and useful tool for estimating the dose when a nuclear or radiological emergency is investigated. Blood samples from five healthy donors were obtained to establish dose-response calibration curves for chromosomal aberrations after exposure to ionizing radiation. In this work, dicentric assay and CBMN assay were compared considering the sensitivity and accuracy of dose estimation. In a total of 21,688 analyzed metaphase spreads, 10,969 dicentric chromosomes, 563 centric rings and 11,364 acentric chromosomes were found. The number of metaphase cells decreased with increasing radiation dose. The centric rings were not found in the non-irradiated control. There was no relationship between radiation dose and acentric ring induction. The frequency of total MN increased in a dose-dependent manner. In comparison with the control value, MN increased about 9, 32, 75, 87, and 52 fold higher after treatment with 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 Gy, respectively. The results revealed that the mean frequency of chromosomal aberrations, both in dicentric and in micronuclei analyses increased with increasing radiation dose.

KEYWORDS:

Biodosimetry; chromosome aberrations; dicentrics; ionizing radiation

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