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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2016;150(3-4):242-252. doi: 10.1159/000456572. Epub 2017 Feb 18.

The Genomic Landscape of PAX5, IKZF1, and CDKN2A/B Alterations in B-Cell Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

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1
Center for Clinical Genetics and Genomics, Pittsburgh Cytogenetics Laboratory, Magee-Womens Hospital of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

We present a comprehensive comparison of PAX5,IKZF1, and CDKN2A/B abnormalities in 21 B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patients studied by aCGH and gene-specific FISH assays. In our cohort of B-ALL patients, alterations of IKZF1, PAX5, and CDKN2A/B were detected by aCGH analysis in 43, 52, and 57% of samples, respectively. Deletions of IKZF1 were present in 9 samples, including 5 cases positive for both PAX5 and IKZF1 deletions, implying digenic impairment. Furthermore, all cases with IKZF1 deletions also had additional genomic alterations, including BCR-ABL1 gene fusions, PAX5 deletions, CDKN2A/B deletions, and FLT3 amplification. Deletions of CDKN2A/B represented the most frequent abnormalities in our group of patients. Our study demonstrates the high incidence of PAX5, IKZF1, and CDKN2A/B alterations in B-ALL detected by aCGH analysis. Due to the small size and variability in the deletion breakpoints, FISH studies showed false-negative results in 10, 40, and 28% of the samples tested for the IKZF1,PAX5, and CDKN2A/B gene deletions, respectively. The PAX5 and IKZF1 abnormalities are highly specific to B-ALL and can be used as diagnostic markers. Moreover, IKZF1 alterations frequently coexist with a BCR-ABL gene fusion. Our study revealed multiple additional B-ALL-specific genomic alterations and showed that aCGH is a more sensitive method than FISH, allowing whole genome profiling and identification of aberrations of diagnostic and prognostic significance in patients with B-ALL.

PMID:
28214896
DOI:
10.1159/000456572
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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