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Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2017 Jun - Jul;64(6):313-322. doi: 10.1016/j.redar.2016.12.002. Epub 2017 Feb 14.

Impact of an enhanced recovery after surgery programme in radical cystectomy. A cohort-comparative study.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de Anestesiología y Reanimación, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, España. Electronic address: rcasans@gmail.com.
2
Servicio de Urología, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, España.
3
Servicio de Anestesiología y Reanimación, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, España.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the results of the implementation of an enhanced recovery program (ERAS) for open approach radical cystectomy compared to the historical cohort of the same hospital.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A retrospective analysis of 138 consecutive patients who underwent radical cystectomy with Bricker or Studer ileal derivation (97 historical vs. 41 ERAS). Overall complication rate, Clavien-Dindo stage>2 complications, mortality, hospital and critical care length of stay and readmission rates, as well as need for reoperation, nasogastric intubation, transfusion or parenteral nutrition were compared.

RESULTS:

No statistically significant differences in overall complication rate were found (73.171 vs. 77.32%; OR 1.25, 95% CI 0.54-2.981; P=.601) nor in Clavien-Dindo>2 complications (41.463 vs. 42.268%; OR 1.033, 95% CI 0.492-2.167; P=.93), mortality, lengths of stays readmission and reoperation rates. The need for nasogastric tube insertion was lower in the ERAS group (43.902 vs. 78.351%; OR 4.624, 95% CI 2.112-10.123; P<.0001), as well as the need for total parenteral nutrition (26.829 vs. 34.021%; OR 12.234, 95% CI 5.165-28.92; P<.0001), and time under endotracheal intubation since anaesthesia induction (median [IRQ]=325 (285-355) vs. 540 (360-600) min; P<.0001).

CONCLUSION:

Enhanced recovery programs in radical cystectomy decrease interventionism on the patient without increasing morbidity and mortality.

KEYWORDS:

Cistectomía; Cystectomy; Enhanced recovery after surgery; Fast-track surgery; Recuperación intensificada tras cirugía; Rehabilitación multimodal

PMID:
28214097
DOI:
10.1016/j.redar.2016.12.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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