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Ann Rheum Dis. 2017 Jun;76(6):1020-1030. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2016-210624. Epub 2017 Feb 17.

A randomised phase IIb study of mavrilimumab, a novel GM-CSF receptor alpha monoclonal antibody, in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

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Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Free University, and Humboldt University Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
Center for Rheumatology, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York, USA.
Universidad de Chile and Hospital San Juan de Dios, Santiago, Chile.
Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine and Gerontology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland.
Institute of Rheumatology, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
Organizacion Medica de Investigación, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
MedImmune, Cambridge, UK.
MedImmune, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.
MedImmune, Mountain View, California, USA.
Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.



Despite the therapeutic value of current rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatments, agents with alternative modes of action are required. Mavrilimumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor-α, was evaluated in patients with moderate-to-severe RA.


In a phase IIb study (NCT01706926), patients with inadequate response to ≥1 synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug(s), Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28)-C reactive protein (CRP)/erythrocyte sedimentation rate ≥3.2, ≥4 swollen joints despite methotrexate (MTX) were randomised 1:1:1:1 to subcutaneous mavrilimumab (150, 100, 30 mg), or placebo every other week (eow), plus MTX for 24 weeks. Coprimary outcomes were DAS28-CRP change from baseline to week 12 and American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20 response rate (week 24).


326 patients were randomised (150 mg, n=79; 100 mg, n=85; 30 mg, n=81; placebo, n=81); 305 completed the study (September 2012-June 2013). Mavrilimumab treatment significantly reduced DAS28-CRP scores from baseline compared with placebo (change from baseline (SE); 150 mg: -1.90 (0.14), 100 mg: -1.64 (0.13), 30 mg: -1.37 (0.14), placebo: -0.68 (0.14); p<0.001; all dosages compared with placebo).Significantly more mavrilimumab-treated patients achieved ACR20 compared with placebo (week 24: 73.4%, 61.2%, 50.6% vs 24.7%, respectively (p<0.001)). Adverse events were reported in 43 (54.4%), 36 (42.4%), 41 (50.6%) and 38 (46.9%) patients in the mavrilimumab 150, 100, 30 mg eow and placebo groups, respectively. No treatment-related safety signals were identified.


Mavrilimumab significantly decreased RA disease activity, with clinically meaningful responses observed 1 week after treatment initiation, representing a novel mechanism of action with persuasive therapeutic potential.


NCT01706926; results.


Cytokines; Rheumatoid Arthritis; Treatment

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Conflict of interest statement

Competing interests: GRB is a consultant and has received lecture fees from Abbvie, Bristol-Myers Squibb, MSD, Pfizer, Roche, UCB; IM has received grants and personal fees from Abbvie, AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Janssen, MedImmune, MSD, Pfizer, UCB; JK is a shareholder and employee of Corrona; has received grants from Abbvie, Amgen, Genentech, Lilly, Pfizer; and is a consultant for Abbvie, Amgen Genentech, Lilly, Pfizer, BMS and MedImmune; PM has received grants from MedImmune; JV is a consultant for Biotest and Samsung Bioepics and has participated in speaker bureaus for Abbvie, MSD, Pfizer, UCB, Roche; AR-R received honoraria for consultation and lectures from Abbvie, Amgen, Chugai, Roche, UCB, MSD, Pfizer, Lilly, Sanofi, Novartis, BMS; EM has received a grant from Organizicion medica de Investigacion; MAS was formerly a full-time employee of MedImmune, a wholly owned subsidiary of AstraZeneca; AG, DS, XG, WIW, BW, C-YW, PCR and DC are employees of MedImmune and hold AstraZeneca shares; MEW has received research grants from Bristol-Myers Squibb, Crescendo Bioscience and UCB, and is a consultant for Abbvie, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Corrona, Crescendo Bioscience, Genentech/Roche, Janssen, Lycera, Lilly, MedImmune, Merck, Pfizer, Regeneron, Sanofi, UCB.

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