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J Mol Biol. 1987 May 20;195(2):261-72.

Escherichia coli integration host factor binds specifically to the ends of the insertion sequence IS1 and to its major insertion hot-spot in pBR322.

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Centre de Recherche de Biochimie et Génétique Cellulaire du C.N.R.S. Toulouse, France.


We report here that the ends of IS1 are bound and protected in vitro by the heterodimeric protein integration host factor (IHF). Under identical conditions, RNA polymerase binds to one of these ends (IRL) and protects a region that includes the sequences protected by IHF. Other potential sites within IS1, identified by their homology to the apparent consensus sequence, are not protected. Footprinting analysis of deletion derivatives of the ends demonstrates a correspondence between the ability of the end sequence to bind IHF and its ability to function as an end in transposition. Nonetheless, some transposition occurs in IHF- cells, indicating that IHF is not an essential component of the transposition apparatus. IHF also binds and protects four closely spaced regions within the major hot-spot for insertion of IS1 in the plasmid pBR322. This striking correlation of hot-spot and IHF-binding sites suggests a possible role for IHF in IS1 insertion specificity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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