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Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2017 Jan;17(1):7. doi: 10.1007/s11882-017-0675-4.

The Skin as a Route of Allergen Exposure: Part II. Allergens and Role of the Microbiome and Environmental Exposures.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, 22908, USA.
2
Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, 1 Rope Ferry Road, Hanover, NH, 03755, USA.
3
Department of Medicine, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, 22908, USA.
4
Department of Medicine, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, 22908, USA. jaw4he@virginia.edu.
5
Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, 22908, USA. jaw4he@virginia.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

This second part of the article aims to highlight recent contributions in the literature that enhance our understanding of the cutaneous immune response to allergen.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Several properties of allergens facilitate barrier disruption and cutaneous sensitization. There is a strong epidemiologic relationship between the microbiome, both the gut and skin, and atopic dermatitis (AD). The mechanisms connecting these two entities remain enigmatic; however, recent murine models show that commensal skin bacteria play an active role in supporting skin barrier homeostasis and defense against microbial penetration. Likewise, the association between the lack of colonization with Staph species and AD development suggests a potentially functional role for these organisms in regulating the skin barrier and response to environmental allergens. In undisrupted skin, evidence suggests that the cutaneous route may promote allergen tolerance. Properties of environmental allergens and commensal bacteria add to the complex landscape of skin immunity. Further investigation is needed to elucidate how these properties regulate the cutaneous immune response to allergen.

KEYWORDS:

Atopic dermatitis; Cutaneous sensitization; Detergent; Epicutaneous allergy; Skin

PMID:
28210979
PMCID:
PMC6028931
DOI:
10.1007/s11882-017-0675-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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