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J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Jan;29(1):88-92. doi: 10.1589/jpts.29.88. Epub 2017 Jan 30.

The effect of visual field condition on kinetic in upper extremities and e.m.g in lower extremities while performing reaching in normal adults.

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Department of Physical Therapy, Ilsan Hospital, Republic of Korea.
Department of Physical Therapy, Dream of Children Clinic, Republic of Korea.
Department of Physical Therapy, Chamsarang Hospital, Republic of Korea.
Department of Physical Education, Silla University, Republic of Korea.
Department of Physical Therapy, Shilla University, Republic of Korea.


[Purpose] The aims of this study was to investigate mean velocity and angle of shoulder joint, activation of tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius according to both eyes, dominant eye and non-dominant eye condition during reaching task in normal adults. [Subjects and Methods] Our research recruited 24 participants (male 11, female 13) in Silla University. Participants were performed reaching out movement by conditions of both eye, dominants eye, non-dominants eye. The target was placed at 45 degree diagonal direction and distance far away 130% of their arm length. Kinetic analysis of the upper extremities was investigated by QUALISYS 3-dimensional motion analysis system. Muscle activation were measured by EMG during reaching tasks. The collected data were statistically processed using the SPSS for win version 20.0. [Results] There was a significant difference of shoulder joint velocity of flexion, abduction and internal rotation according to visual field condition during reaching tasks. There was no significant difference of shoulder joint angle and muscle activation according to visual field conditions during reaching tasks. [Conclusion] In conclusion, visual field has an influence on shoulder joint velocity. Therefore, the visual field may be to play an important role in reach performance.


Kinetic analysis; Reaching; Visual field

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