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Gen Physiol Biophys. 1987 Apr;6(2):137-48.

The effects of methylxanthines, ethymizol, ephedrine and papaverine on guinea pig and dog trachea.

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Institute of Experimental Pharmacology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Czechoslovakia.


The study was aimed to compare the effects of pentoxyphylline, aminophylline, choline theophyllinate and ethymizol on guinea pig and dog trachea with those of theophylline, papaverine and ephedrine. The effects of these drugs on the basal tension, on dose-response curves for muscle contraction produced by histamine and on cAMP level were investigated in guinea pig trachea, together with their influence on the resting and histamine-evoked mechanical and membrane activities of dog trachea. Like papaverine, pentoxyphylline did not alter the resting membrane potential, although it relaxed both tracheal preparations, and it antagonised the effects histamine and raised the cAMP level of the smooth muscle. The effects of ethymizol were similar to those of theophylline and its water soluble derivatives (aminophylline and choline theophyllinate). Whereas, ephedrine although it decreased the basal tension and inhibited histamine-evoked responses, also elicited substantial hyperpolarization of the smooth muscle membrane with no effect on the cAMP level. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that cAMP has an important role in the action of some bronchodilator drugs; however, it is concluded that the possibility of contributing of their action on membrane potential to their action needs to be considered. The similarity of the potencies of ethymizol and pentoxyphylline to that of classical bronchodilators in inhibiting contraction of guinea pig and dog tracheal smooth muscle suggests that they may have a therapeutic value.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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