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Cell Microbiol. 2017 May;19(5). doi: 10.1111/cmi.12734. Epub 2017 Mar 8.

The role of the unfolded protein response in dengue virus pathogenesis.

Author information

1
Antiviral Research Unit, Oxford Glycobiology Institute, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
2
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka.

Abstract

Symptomatic dengue virus (DENV) infections range from mild fever to severe haemorrhagic disease and death. Host-viral interactions play a significant role in deciding the fate of the infection. The unfolded protein response (UPR) is a prosurvival cellular reaction induced in response to DENV-mediated endoplasmic reticulum stress. The UPR has complex interactions with the cellular autophagy machinery, apoptosis, and innate immunity. DENV has evolved to manipulate the UPR to facilitate its replication and to evade host immunity. Our knowledge of this intertwined network of events is continuously developing. A better understanding of the UPR mediated antiviral and proviral effects will shed light on dengue disease pathogenesis and may help development of anti-DENV therapeutics. This review summarizes the role of the UPR in viral replication, autophagy, and DENV-induced inflammation to describe how a host response contributes to DENV pathogenesis.

KEYWORDS:

dengue; unfolded protein response; viruses (phages)

PMID:
28207988
DOI:
10.1111/cmi.12734
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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