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PLoS One. 2017 Feb 16;12(2):e0169903. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169903. eCollection 2017.

Work-family conflict and self-rated health among Japanese workers: How household income modifies associations.

Author information

1
Public Health, Department of Social Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.
2
Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
3
Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Center for Public Health Sciences, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

To examine associations between work-family conflict and self-rated health among Japanese workers and to determine whether the associations differed by household income. Data was derived from the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study for the Next Generation in Saku area in 2011-2012 (7,663 men and 7,070 women). Multivariate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for poor self-rated health by work-family conflict consisting of two dimensions (work-to-family and family-to-work conflicts) were calculated by gender and household income. Multivariate ORs of high work-to-family and family-to-work conflicts for poor self-rated health were 2.46 (95% CI; 2.04-2.97) for men and 3.54 (95% CI; 2.92-4.30) for women, with reference to the low work-to-family and family-to-work conflicts (p-value for gender interaction = 0.02). Subgroup analysis indicated that health effects of work-family conflict were likely to be more evident in the low income group only among women. Work-family conflict was associated with poor self-rated health among middle-aged Japanese men and women; its health impact was relatively stronger among women, and particularly economically disadvantaged women.

PMID:
28207757
PMCID:
PMC5312934
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0169903
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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