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Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. 2017 Jul;23(3):348-361. doi: 10.1037/cdp0000129. Epub 2017 Feb 16.

Personal and cultural identity development in recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents: Links with psychosocial functioning.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami.
2
Department of Higher Education and Administration, Florida International University.
3
Department of Family and Child Sciences, Florida State University.
4
Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina.
5
Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California.
6
Department of Psychology, Smith College.
7
Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II.
8
Department of Psychology, Barry University.
9
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Northwestern University.
10
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents.

METHOD:

The sample consisted of 302 recent (<5 years) immigrant Hispanic adolescents (53% boys; Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = .88 years) from Miami and Los Angeles who participated in a longitudinal study.

RESULTS:

Results indicated a bidirectional relationship between personal identity coherence and both ethnic and U.S. identity. Ethnic and U.S. affirmation/commitment (A/C) positively and indirectly predicted optimism and negatively predicted rule breaking and aggression through coherence. However, confusion predicted lower self-esteem and optimism and higher depressive symptoms, rule breaking, unprotected sex, and cigarette use. Results further indicated significant site differences. In Los Angeles (but not Miami), ethnic A/C also negatively predicted confusion.

CONCLUSION:

Given the direct effects of coherence and confusion on nearly every outcome, it may be beneficial for interventions to target personal identity. However, in contexts such as Los Angeles, which has at least some ambivalence toward recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents, it may be more beneficial for interventions to also target cultural identity to reduce confusion and thus promote positive development. (PsycINFO Database Record

PMID:
28206778
PMCID:
PMC5491363
DOI:
10.1037/cdp0000129
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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