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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1987 Sep 18;903(1):206-17.

Correlation between calpain-mediated cytoskeletal degradation and expression of platelet procoagulant activity. A role for the platelet membrane-skeleton in the regulation of membrane lipid asymmetry?

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands.


The relationship between platelet calpain-activity and platelet procoagulant-activity was investigated by comparison of the time course of their generation after platelet stimulation by calcium ionophore A23187, or by the combined action of collagen and thrombin, or during exposure of platelets to the local anesthetics dibucaine or tetracaine. In addition, the Ca2+ dose-response curves of both activities in intact platelets, obtained by stimulation with A23187 in the presence of Ca2+/HEDTA-buffers, were compared. Platelet procoagulant activity was determined by assaying for prothrombinase activity in the presence of saturating concentrations of factors Xa, Va, and prothrombin. Platelet calpain activity was monitored by the degradation of its major substrates (filamin, talin, myosin) and the formation of their fragments as judged from protein patterns after gel electrophoresis. Platelet stimulation by A23187 resulted in a fast increase in prothrombinase activity, reaching its maximum level after about 20 seconds. Filamin and talin were completely hydrolysed within 15 s, and myosin was partly degraded between 15 and 30 s after platelet activation. When platelets were activated by collagen plus thrombin, prothrombinase activity was generated with a sigmoid time course, the steepest increase being observed between 1 and 2 min after platelet activation. Proteolysis of filamin and talin occurred between 0.5 and 1.5 min after platelet activation, while degradation of myosin became visible after 2 to 2.5 min. Dibucaine and tetracaine were both found to be potent stimulators of prothrombinase activity, with half-maximal activities obtained at 0.7 and 2.8 mM, respectively. Using suboptimal concentrations of both local anesthetics, it was found that the generation of prothrombinase activity closely paralleled that of calpain activity over a time course of 1 hour. Ca2+ titration of intact platelets using A23187 and Ca2+/HEDTA buffers, revealed half-maximal response at about 15 microM free Ca2+ for both calpain and prothrombinase activity. These findings strongly suggest a causal relationship between generation of a procoagulant platelet surface and calpain-mediated degradation of filamin, talin, and myosin. Since an increased procoagulant activity reflects an increased exposure of phosphatidylserine at the platelet outer surface, the present findings suggest that platelet cytoskeletal proteins are involved in the regulation of membrane lipid asymmetry.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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