Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Food Chem Toxicol. 2017 Jun;104:69-78. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2017.01.029. Epub 2017 Feb 13.

Preliminary assessment on the bioaccessibility of contaminants of emerging concern in raw and cooked seafood.

Author information

1
Division of Aquaculture and Upgrading (DivAV), Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA, I.P.), Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: ricardo.alves@ipma.pt.
2
Division of Aquaculture and Upgrading (DivAV), Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA, I.P.), Lisbon, Portugal; Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research (CIIMAR), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; MARE - Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon (FCUL), Lisboa, Portugal. Electronic address: aluisa@ipma.pt.
3
Division of Aquaculture and Upgrading (DivAV), Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA, I.P.), Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: vera.barbosa@ipma.pt.
4
LAQV-REQUIMT, Laboratory of Bromatology and Hydrology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: sara.cunha@ff.up.pt.
5
IMARES, Wageningen UR, Ijmuiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address: christiaan.kwadijk@wur.nl.
6
Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), Parc Científic I Tecnològic de la Universitat de Girona, C/ Emili Grahit, Girona, Spain. Electronic address: dalvarez@icra.cat.
7
Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), Parc Científic I Tecnològic de la Universitat de Girona, C/ Emili Grahit, Girona, Spain.
8
Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Department of Environmental Chemistry (IDAEA-CSIC), Jordi Girona, 18, 08034 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: oaaqam@cid.csic.es.
9
Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Department of Environmental Chemistry (IDAEA-CSIC), Jordi Girona, 18, 08034 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: eeeqam@cid.csic.es.
10
Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), Parc Científic I Tecnològic de la Universitat de Girona, C/ Emili Grahit, Girona, Spain; Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Department of Environmental Chemistry (IDAEA-CSIC), Jordi Girona, 18, 08034 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: dbcqam@cid.csic.es.
11
Marine Monitoring, Institute of Agriculture and Food Research & Technology (IRTA), Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Tarragona, Spain. Electronic address: margarita.fernandez@irta.cat.
12
Aeiforia Srl, Gariga di Podenzano (PC), Italy. Electronic address: alice.tediosi@aeiforia.eu.
13
Division of Aquaculture and Upgrading (DivAV), Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA, I.P.), Lisbon, Portugal; Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research (CIIMAR), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: amarques@ipma.pt.

Abstract

A preliminary assessment of the bioaccessibility of contaminants of emerging concern (CeCs), including perfluorinated compounds (PFCs; i.e. PFOS and PFUnA), brominated flame retardants (BFRs; i.e. BDE47, BDE100, α-HBCD) and pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs; i.e. venlafaxine, methylparaben and UV-filter OC) was performed in seafood species available in the European markets. Additionally, the effect of steaming on CeCs bioaccessibility was also investigated for the first time. Overall, steaming affected differentially contaminants' concentrations, for instance, decreasing PFOS levels in flounder, but increasing both BDE47 and BDE100. CeCs bioaccessibility varied according to seafood species and contaminant group, i.e. in general, lower bioaccessibility values were obtained for PBDEs (<70%, except for mackerel), while PFCs and PPCPs revealed higher bioaccessibility percentages (between 71 and 95%). The lowest bioaccessibility value was obtained for α-HBCD (mussel; 14%), whereas the highest percentage was observed in venlafaxine (mullet; 95%). Our preliminary study reports also, for the first time, the effects of steaming on CeCs bioaccessibility. In most cases, bioaccessibility was not affected by cooking, however, a decrease was observed in PBDEs and venlafaxine bioaccessibility in steamed mussels and mullet, respectively, thus lowering the potential health risks associated with seafood consumption.

KEYWORDS:

Bioaccessibility; Brominated flame retardants; Perfluorinated compounds; Pharmaceuticals and personal care products; Seafood; Steaming

PMID:
28202359
DOI:
10.1016/j.fct.2017.01.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center