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J Behav Addict. 2017 Mar 1;6(1):64-73. doi: 10.1556/2006.6.2017.003. Epub 2017 Feb 15.

Gambling disorder-related illegal acts: Regression model of associated factors.

Author information

1
1 Psychiatry and Addictology Department, Paul Brousse University Hospital of Villejuif, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP) , Paris, France.
2
2 Pole of Psychiatry 75G04, Henry Ey Hospital, Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne , Paris, France.
3
3 Clinical Investigation Unit BALANCED "BehaviorAL AddictioNs and ComplEx mood Disorders", Department of Addictology and Psychiatry, University Hospital of Nantes , Nantes, France.
4
4 EA 4275 SPHERE "bioStatistics, Pharmacoepidemiology and Human sciEnces Research tEam", Faculties of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nantes , Nantes, France.
5
5 EA 4430 CLIPSYD "CLInique PSYchanalyse Développement", University of Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense , Paris, France.
6
6 Louis Mourier Hospital of Colombes, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP) , Paris, France.
7
7 Marmottan Medical Center, GPS Perray-Vaucluse , Paris, France.
8
8 Department of Adult Psychiatry, Sainte-Marguerite University Hospital of Marseille , Marseille, France.
9
9 Psychiatry Laboratory, Sanpsy CNRS USR 3413, University of Bordeaux and Charles Perrens Hospital , Bordeaux, France.
10
10 Psychiatry Department, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand , Clermont-Ferrand, France.
11
11 Unit of Methodology and Biostatistics, University Hospital of Nantes , Nantes, France.

Abstract

Background and aims Gambling disorder-related illegal acts (GDRIA) are often crucial events for gamblers and/or their entourage. This study was designed to determine the predictive factors of GDRIA. Methods Participants were 372 gamblers reporting at least three DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000) criteria. They were assessed on the basis of sociodemographic characteristics, gambling-related characteristics, their personality profile, and psychiatric comorbidities. A multiple logistic regression was performed to identify the relevant predictors of GDRIA and their relative contribution to the prediction of the presence of GDRIA. Results Multivariate analysis revealed a higher South Oaks Gambling Scale score, comorbid addictive disorders, and a lower level of income as GDRIA predictors. Discussion and conclusion An original finding of this study was that the comorbid addictive disorder effect might be mediated by a disinhibiting effect of stimulant substances on GDRIA. Further studies are necessary to replicate these results, especially in a longitudinal design, and to explore specific therapeutic interventions.

KEYWORDS:

DSM; addiction; gambling disorder; illegal acts; predictors

PMID:
28198636
PMCID:
PMC5572995
DOI:
10.1556/2006.6.2017.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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