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Br J Dermatol. 2017 Aug;177(2):411-418. doi: 10.1111/bjd.15381. Epub 2017 Jul 19.

Open-label study of etanercept treatment in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis who lost a satisfactory response to adalimumab.

Author information

1
Psoriasis Treatment Center of Central New Jersey, East Windsor, NJ, U.S.A.
2
University of Texas Health Science Center and Center for Clinical Studies, Houston, TX, U.S.A.
3
Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA, U.S.A.
4
Probity Medical Research, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Some patients with plaque psoriasis experience secondary failure of tumour necrosis factor inhibitor therapy.

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate efficacy, safety and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) with etanercept in patients with secondary adalimumab failure.

METHODS:

This phase IV open-label single-arm estimation study (NCT01543204) enrolled patients on adalimumab who had achieved static Physician's Global Assessment (sPGA) score 0/1 (clear/almost clear). Patients subsequently lost response, defined as sPGA ≥ 3 or loss of 50% improvement in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 50). At baseline, patients had involved body surface area ≥ 10%, sPGA ≥ 3 and PASI ≥ 10. Antiadalimumab antibodies (ADAs) were measured at screening. Patients received etanercept 50 mg twice weekly for 12 weeks, followed by 50 mg weekly. The primary end point was sPGA 0/1 at week 12 (intention-to-treat analysis; no hypothesis tested). Additional outcomes included rates of sPGA 0/1, PASI responses, safety, PROs of itch, pain and flaking, Dermatology Life Quality Index, treatment satisfaction and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Sixty-four patients enrolled; 67% had ADAs. sPGA 0/1 rates at week 12 were 39·7% [95% confidence interval (CI) 27·6-52·8; primary end point] and 45% (95% CI 29·3-61·5) for patients positive for ADAs and 35% (95% CI 15·4-59·2) for patients negative for ADAs. PASI 75 response rates at week 12 were 47·5% (95% CI 31·5-63·9) for patients who were positive for ADAs and 50% (95% CI 27·2-72·8) for patients negative for ADAs. No new safety signals were observed. PROs of itch, pain and flaking consistently improved at week 12 and were maintained through week 24.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with psoriasis who experienced secondary failure of adalimumab achieved satisfactory response to etanercept regardless of ADA status.

PMID:
28196270
DOI:
10.1111/bjd.15381
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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