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Gastric Cancer. 2018 Jan;21(1):68-73. doi: 10.1007/s10120-017-0701-1. Epub 2017 Feb 13.

A prospective multi-institutional validity study to evaluate the accuracy of clinical diagnosis of pathological stage III gastric cancer (JCOG1302A).

Author information

1
Gastric Surgery Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, 104-0045, Japan. tfukagaw@ncc.go.jp.
2
Gastric Surgery Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, 104-0045, Japan.
3
JCOG Data Center/Operations Office, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan.
4
Department of Digestive Surgery, Cancer Institute Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
5
Division of Gastric Surgery, Shizuoka Cancer Center, Shizuoka, Japan.
6
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.
7
Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Kanagawa Cancer Center Hospital, Yokohama, Japan.
8
Department of Surgery, Yamagata Prefectural Central Hospital, Yamagata, Japan.
9
Department of Surgery, Nagaoka Chuo General Hospital, Nagaoka, Japan.
10
Gastric Surgery Division, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Japan.
11
Department of Surgery, Sakai City Medical Center, Sakai, Japan.
12
Department of Digestive Surgery, Niigata Cancer Center Hospital, Niigata, Japan.
13
Department of Surgery, Keiyukai Sapporo Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.
14
Department of Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
15
Department of General and Gastroenterological Surgery, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan.
16
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Hyogo Cancer Center, Akashi, Japan.
17
Division of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) followed by radical surgery is a promising strategy to improve survival of patients with stage III gastric cancer, but is associated with the risk of preoperative overdiagnosis by which patients with early disease may receive unnecessary intensive chemotherapy.

METHODS:

We assessed the validity of a preoperative diagnostic criterion in a prospective multicenter study. Patients with gastric cancer with a clinical diagnosis of T2/T3/T4, M0, except for diffuse large tumors and extensive bulky nodal disease, were eligible. Prospectively recorded clinical diagnoses (cT category, cN category) were compared with postoperative pathological diagnoses (pT category, pN category, and pathological stage). The primary endpoint was the proportion of pathological stage I tumors among those diagnosed as cT3/T4, which we expected to be 5% or less.

RESULTS:

Data from 1260 patients enrolled from 53 institutions were analyzed. The proportion of pathological stage I tumors in those with a diagnosis of cT3/T4 (primary endpoint) was 12.3%, which was much higher than the prespecified value. The positive predictive value and the sensitivity for pathological stage III tumors were 43.6% and 87.8% respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of contrast-enhanced CT for lymph node metastasis were 62.5% and 65.7% respectively. After exploring several diagnostic criteria, we propose, for future NAC trials in Japan, a diagnosis of "cT3/T4 with cN1/N2/N3," by which inclusion of pathological stage I tumors was reduced to 6.5%, although its sensitivity for pathological stage III tumors decreased to 64.5%.

CONCLUSION:

Clinical diagnosis of T3/T4 tumors was not an optimal criterion to select patients for intensive NAC trials because more than 10% of patients with pathological stage I disease were included. We propose the criterion "cT3/T4 and cN1/N2/N3" instead.

KEYWORDS:

Clinical diagnosis; Clinical trial; Gastric cancer; Neoadjuvant chemotherapy

PMID:
28194522
DOI:
10.1007/s10120-017-0701-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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