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Brain Res. 1989 Nov 6;501(2):269-86.

GABA and glycine immunoreactivity in the guinea pig superior olivary complex.

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Kresge Hearing Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109.

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  • Brain Res 1990 Feb 12;509(1):180.


Immunoperoxidase immunocytochemistry was employed to examine the distribution of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-and glycine (GLY)-immunoreactive cells, fibers, and terminals in the guinea pig superior olivary complex. The nuclei studied were the lateral superior olive (LSO), medial superior olive (MSO), superior paraolivary nucleus (SPN), and the medial, ventral, and lateral nuclei of the trapezoid body (MNTB, VNTB, and LNTB, respectively). The majority of LSO neurons exhibited GABA-immunoreactive (+) labeling. These same neurons were also lightly GLY+. Extensive perisomatic punctate GLY + labeling was observed on most LSO neurons; these puncta most likely correspond to synaptic terminals. A very small number of MSO fusiform neurons were GABA +, and none were GLY +. The GLY positive perisomatic punctate labeling around most MSO neurons, although abundant, was not as profuse as that observed in the LSO. The MNTB neurons corresponding to the principal and elongate types were intensely GLY + and were contacted by small numbers of GLY + puncta. There was extensive GLY + punctate labeling in the SPN that surrounded the cell bodies of most of its large, radiate neurons and many of the smaller, fusiform neurons. The few large, radiate neurons that were lightly GLY + possessed far fewer GLY + puncta on their perikarya. The distribution of GABA + puncta was generally diffuse and scattered throughout the nuclei described above. In the VNTB and LNTB, several large neurons of various shapes were GLY + as were the small, oval neurons. The extent of GLY + punctate labeling was quite variable in both nuclei. The majority of perikarya in the VNTB and LNTB were GABA +. A light distribution of GABA + puncta was observed on most cell bodies in both nuclei. Peridendritic GABA + punctate labeling was dense in the VNTB neuropil. Two small populations of GLY + neurons were observed outside of the named nuclei of the SOC; one was located dorsal to the LSO, near its dorsal hilus, and the other was identified near the medial pole of the LSO. The somata of both populations possessed extremely sparse GLY + punctate labeling. In general, these results agree with and expand on findings in rodents from previous studies. There appears, however, to be differences between the guinea pig and cat with regard to the proportions of GABA + neurons in the LSO and GLY + punctate labeling in the MSO.

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