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Rev Bras Ortop. 2016 Dec 15;52(1):11-16. doi: 10.1016/j.rboe.2016.12.002. eCollection 2017 Jan-Feb.

Rehabilitation of hamstring muscle injuries: a literature review.

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Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.


in English, Portuguese

Hamstring injuries are among the most frequent in sports. The high relapse rate is a challenge for sports medicine and has a great impact on athletes and sport teams. The treatment goal is to provide the athlete the same functional level as before the injury. Thus, functional rehabilitation is very important to the success of the treatment. Currently, several physical therapy modalities are used, according to the stage of the lesion, such as cryotherapy, laser therapy, therapeutic ultrasound, therapeutic exercise, and manual therapy. However, the evidence of the effectiveness of these modalities in muscle injuries is not fully established due to the little scientific research on the topic. This article presents an overview of the physiotherapy approach in the rehabilitation of hamstring muscle injuries.


Athletic injuries; Muscle skeletal/injuries; Muscle stretching exercises; Physical therapy modalities

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