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Arch Plast Surg. 2017 Jan;44(1):59-64. doi: 10.5999/aps.2017.44.1.59. Epub 2017 Jan 20.

Contracted Nose after Silicone Implantation: A New Classification System and Treatment Algorithm.

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YK Aesthetic Plastic Surgical Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
Department of Pathology, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.



Silicone implants are frequently used in augmentation rhinoplasty in Asians. A common complication of silicone augmentation rhinoplasty is capsular contracture. This is similar to the capsular contracture after augmentation mammoplasty, but a classification for secondary contracture after augmentation rhinoplasty with silicone implants has not yet been established, and treatment algorithms by grade or severity have yet to be developed.


Photographs of 695 patients who underwent augmentation rhinoplasty with a silicone implant from May 2001 to May 2015 were analyzed. The mean observation period was 11.4 months. Of the patients, 81 were male and 614 were female, with a mean age of 35.9 years. Grades were assigned according to postoperative appearance. Grade I was a natural appearance, as if an implant had not been inserted. Grade II was an unnatural lateral margin of the implant. Clearly identifiable implant deviation was classified as grade III, and short nose deformation was grade IV.


Grade I outcomes were found in 498 patients (71.7%), grade II outcomes in 101 (14.5%), grade III outcomes in 75 (10.8%), and grade IV outcomes in 21 patients (3.0%). Revision surgery was indicated for the 13.8% of all patients who had grade III or IV outcomes.


It is important to clinically classify the deformations due to secondary contracture after surgery and to establish treatment algorithms to improve scientific communication among rhinoplasty surgeons. In this study, we suggest guidelines for the clinical classification of secondary capsular contracture after augmentation rhinoplasty, and also propose a treatment algorithm.


Implant capsular contracture; Prostheses and implants; Rhinoplasty

Conflict of interest statement

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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