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Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2017 Jul 5;7(7). pii: a026492. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a026492.

Long Noncoding RNAs: At the Intersection of Cancer and Chromatin Biology.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065.
2
Center for Personal Dynamic Regulomes, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305.

Abstract

Although only 2% of the genome encodes protein, RNA is transcribed from the majority of the genetic sequence, suggesting a massive degree of cellular functionality is programmed in the noncoding genome. The mammalian genome contains tens of thousands of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), many of which occur at disease-associated loci or are specifically expressed in cancer. Although the vast majority of lncRNAs have no known function, recurring molecular mechanisms for lncRNAs are now being observed in chromatin regulation and cancer pathways and emerging technologies are now providing tools to interrogate lncRNA molecular interactions and determine function of these abundant cellular macromolecules.

PMID:
28193769
PMCID:
PMC5495049
DOI:
10.1101/cshperspect.a026492
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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